Amrita Wireless Sensor Networks All Set for World’s Tallest Mountain Range

Amrita Wireless Sensor Networks All Set for World’s Tallest Mountain Range

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are one of the most promising emerging technologies, providing the opportunity for real-time monitoring of geographical regions (remote and hostile) that are prone to disasters. With a focus on landslide detection, the Amrita Center for Wireless Networks and Applications (AmritaWNA) set up a complete functional WSN system consisting of 50 geological sensors and 20 wireless sensor nodes in Idukki, a district in the Southwestern region of Kerala, India. The WSN system gathered a vast amount of data regarding correlated sensor data values on rainfall, moisture, pore pressure, and movement, along with other geological, hydrological and soil properties, helping to provide a better understanding of the landslide scenario.

In 2009, the system successfully delivered real-time warnings during the monsoon season in the Munnar district of Kerala. Based on these warnings, the Government of Kerala issued evacuation alerts to local communities. Due its successful deployment in the state of Kerala, the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), Government of India funded the project for another two years and the Department of Science and Technology (DST) is currently funding the project in Munnar, Kerala. In addition, the Ministry of Earth Sciences(MoES) is currently funding other projects for AmritaWNA, enabling the development and deployment of similar systems in Northeast India and the Himalayas.

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